Case Narrative

US Demolition Operations at Khamisiyah


Case Narratives are reports of what we know today about certain events that took place during the 1990-1991 Gulf War. This particular case narrative focuses on the only known destruction of Iraqi chemical warfare agents by US forces during or after the Gulf War. These actions resulted in the potential exposure of US soldiers to low levels of nerve agent. The report covers the full spectrum of government efforts to determine the extent of the potential nerve agent hazard areas and to notify US forces who were potentially exposed. This is an interim report, not a final report. We hope that you will read this and contact us with any information that would help us better understand the events reported here. With your help, we can report more accurately on the events surrounding Khamisiyah. Please contact my office to report any new information by calling:


Bernard Rostker
Special Assistant for Gulf War Illnesses
Department of Defense

2000104-0000001 Ver. 2.0

Last Update: November 28, 2000

Many veterans of the Gulf War have expressed concern that their unexplained illnesses may result from their experiences in that war. In response to veterans’ concerns, the Department of Defense (DoD) established a task force in June 1995 to investigate incidents and circumstances relating to possible causes. The Office of the Special Assistant for Gulf War Illnesses assumed responsibility for these investigations on November 12, 1996, and has continued to investigate reports of chemical warfare agent incidents.

To inform the public about the progress of these efforts, the Department of Defense is publishing on the Internet and elsewhere accounts that may contribute to the discussion of possible causes of unexplained illnesses among Gulf War veterans, along with documentary evidence or personal testimony used in compiling the accounts. The narrative that follows is an update to the first such account regarding the events at Khamisiyah.



A.  United States Military Operations at Khamisiyah
B.  United Nations Special Commission on Iraq Inspections at Khamisiyah
C.  The United States Government Response Regarding Illnesses of Gulf War Veterans
A.  Background
B.  Pre-Desert Shield Period: May 1976 – August 1990
C.  Desert Shield/Desert Storm Period: August 1990 – February 1991
D.  Demolition Operations: March – April 1991
1.  From March 1 to March 23: XVIII Airborne Corps Operations
2.  From March 24 to April 7: 2nd Armored Cavalry Regiment Operations
E.  United Nations Special Commission on Iraq Inspections: 1991 – 1992
F.  Heightened Government Interest and Congressional Action: 1993 – 1994
G.  Intensive United States Government Efforts Commenced: 1995
H.   Department of Defense Announced Possible Chemical Weapons at Khamisiyah: January – September 1996
I.  Determining Possible Troop Exposure: October 1996 – December 1997
J.  Remodeling Effort: January 1998 – March 2000




TAB A Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Glossary

TAB B Units Involved

TAB C Bibliography

TAB D Methodology for Chemical Incident Investigation

TAB E Methodology for Modeling a Possible Chemical Warfare Agent Release at Khamisiyah

TAB F Determining Troop Unit Locations

TAB G – Other Khamisiyah - Related Reports

TAB H Changes in this Report


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