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[   (b)(2)   ]


               [      (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)    ] Iraq has 
successfully test launched a surface-to-surface missile carrying a 
binary chemical warhead.   While DIA has long assessed that Iraq 
has had the capability to produce a chemical warhead, physical 
evidence such as a test launch [   (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)   ]
of chemical warheads does not exist.  Furthermore, the accuracy of 
Iraq's SCUD and SCUD variant missiles' are so poor at extended 
ranges and so little agent would be' contained in each missile 
that upwards of 60 missiles would need to be directed against an
airfield to pose a significant military threat.  The SCUD missile 
as the Al Hussayn can carry a chemical warhead of 350-400 kg over 
a distance of 475-500 kilometerS, with a CEP of 1-2 kilometers.  
The Al Hussayn missile can take a warhead of less than 100 kg to 
about 600 kilometers, with a CEP of 2-3 kilometers.  The Al Abbas 
can deliver a 200 kg warhead to a range of 600 km in width a CEP 
of 3-5 km.  
AIRBURST.    [   (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)   ]   Iraq only possesses 
mobile TELs, 29 fixed launchers in Western Iraq, 3 launch sites 
with 4 positions each in Southern Iraq without missiles, and 6 
flat bed trucks modified as TELs.  The 29 fixed launchers in 
Western Iraq are not in range of U.S. forces [   (b)(1) sec 
1.3(a)(5)   ] The three sites in southern Iraq are within range of 
U.S. forces if the extended range Al Abbas and Al flussayn are 
used, but are not a significant military threat to U.S  forces.  
The most significant threat to U.S  forces is if Iraq has deployed 
their SCUDS to Southern Kuwait.   [   (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)   ]
SCUDs were in Kuwait; however, [   (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)   ] unable 
to confirm SCUDs at airfields.  US forces are within 350 
kilometers from the Al Salem airfield in Southern Kuwait, well 
within range to become a significant military threat.  If Iraq has 
placed mobile launchers at the Al Jaber airfield, US forces are 
300 kilometers.

          Iraq has a research and development program for 
biological weapons and is assessed to produce anthrax and 
botulinum toxin   Iraq is assessed to have a limited number of 
biological weapons.   [   (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(2)   ]
        [   (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(2)   ]
to the lethality, persistence, and delayed effects of BW agents, 
long range delivery systems including aerial bombs and missile 
warheads would be the preferred delivery means.



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