Acronyms and Abbreviations

ACGIH American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists
ACh acetylcholine
AChE acetylcholinesterase
AChEi acetylcholinesterase inhibitors
AChEr acetylcholinesterase receptors
AD Alzheimer’s disease
AFPMB Armed Forces Pest Management Board
ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
AP alkaline phosphatase
APT Alexander Passalong test
ARCOM U.S. Army Reserve Command
BBB blood brain barrier
BDU battle dress uniform
BuChE butyrylcholinesterase
BVRT Benton visual retention test
C centigrade
CAS Chemical Abstracts Service
CCEP DoD Comprehensive Clinical Evaluation Program
CDC U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CF(S) chronic fatigue (syndrome)
CI confidence interval, or Cornell Index
CNS central nervous system
D1-D5 labels for 5 dopaminergic receptor transcripts
DA dopamine
DNBI disease and non-battle injury
ECG electrocardiogram
EEG electroencephalogram
EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (also USEPA)
FDA Federal Drug Administration
FIFRA Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act
FM fibromyalgia
FSRA forced respiratory sinus arrhythmia
GGT gamma glutamyl transpeptidase
GI gastrointestinal
GNDS general neuropsychological deficit scale
GUP general-use pesticide
GWI Gulf War illness
hr hour(s)
IARC International Agency for Research on Cancer
ICD International Classification of Diseases
IDLH immediately dangerous to life or health (value)
IOM Institute of Medicine
Ip intraperitoneal
IRIS Integrated Risk Information Service (USEPA)
IV intravenous
kg kilogram(s)
L liter(s)
LAP leucine amino peptidase
lb pound(s)
LC50 or LC50 median lethal concentration
LD50 or LD50 median lethal dose
LDH lactate dehydrogenase
M1-M5 labels for 5 muscarinic ACh receptor transcripts
MCS multiple chemical sensitivity
mg milligram(s)
ml or mL milliliter(s)
mM millimolar
mm millimeter(s)
MMWR Morbidity, Mortality Weekly Report (published by CDC)
mo month(s)
mPa milliPascal(s)
MSA multiple-system atrophy
msec millisecond(s)
�g microgram(s)
�L microliter(s)
m2 square meter(s)
m3 cubic meter(s)
NA not available
NBC nuclear, biological, chemical
NCV nerve-conduction velocity
ng nanogram
NHL non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma
NIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
NOEL no observable effect level
NRC National Research Council
NS not significant
NSN National Stock Number
NTE neuropathy target esterase
OC organochlorine
OCT ornithine carbamoyl transferase
ODS/DS Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm
OP organophosphate
OPIDN OP-induced delayed neuropathy
OR odds ratio
OSAGWI Office of the Special Assistant for Gulf War Illnesses
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration
OSHAct Occupational Safety and Health Act
PAI personality assessment inventory
PB pyridostigmine bromide
PCC Poison Control Center
PD Parkinson’s disease
PEL permissible exposure limit
PGW Persian Gulf War
PGWV Persian Gulf War veterans
p.o. per os (by mouth)
PON paraoxonase (also PON1)
POR prevalence odds ratio
PP preparkinsonism
ppb parts per billion
ppm parts per millionn
PR prevalence ratio
PTSD post-traumatic stress disorder
RA resting heart-rate variability
RBC red blood cell
REL recommended exposure limit
RfC reference concentration
RfD reference dose
RR relative risk
RUP restricted-use pesticide
SCE sister-chromatid exchange
SD standard deviation
SGPT serum alanine aminotransferase (also ALT)
SMR standardized mortality ratio
SPECT single photon emission computerized tomography
SSID signs, symptoms, and ill-defined conditions
STEL short-term exposure limit
TLV threshold limit value
TPT tactual performance test
TWA time-weighted average
ULV ultra-low volume (pesticide spray)
USAR U.S. Army Reserve
USEPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (also EPA)
USNG U.S. National Guard
VA Veterans Administration
WAIS Wechsler adult intelligence scale
WHO World Health Organization
wk week(s)
WMS Weschler memory scale
WRAT wide-range achievement test